Immigration and refugee inflows to Sweden has been very high over the past 20 years and it is controversial due to high fiscal spending. For Sweden, expenditure on migration is expected to be 1 percent of GDP in 2016 according to IMF. Political parties like Swedish democrats want to stop current refugee inflow and other political parties have in many ways changed their previous views.
Immigration from Middle-East and Africa
Refugees (country of origin) according to CIA World Factbook 2015
- 52 707 (Syria)
- 23 886 (Iraq)
- 21 501 (Somalia)
- 20 203 (Eritrea)
- 13 064 (Afghanistan)
31 062 (2015); note – the majority of stateless people are from the Middle East and Somalia
Since 2014, Europe and Sweden in particular has faced a huge influx of migrants from the Middle East and north Africa. The majority of the recent migrants to Europe come from Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Eritrea. All these countries have been ravaged by war and conflict. In 2013, 54,259 people sought asylum in Sweden. Nearly one in three applicants were Syrian citizens. The most common residence of the reason for non-Nordic citizens were family reunification. Other countries that are growing very Eritrea, Egypt and Morocco, on the other hand, the number of asylum seekers from among Somalia, Afghanistan and Serbia decrease.
Opportunities for skilled people
However there are great opportunities for skilled workforce. In Sweden, 10,451 computer specialists had permission to work during 2009-2012. People with foreign background manage 13% of Sweden’s existing small companies. Every fifth company, founded in 2012 was led by a person with foreign origin. Indian and Chinese nationals settled in most cases in Sweden for study or work. Learning Swedish
Authority of immigration
The authority in charge of immigration is Migration Board (Invandrarverket).