The first proved the people of Sweden had settlements near the city of Malmö and is from the time when the ice began to melt away for about 14 000 years ago.
The names Svearike (Swēorice) and Svitjod (“Svea people”) occurs the first time in the Anglo-Saxon Beowulf (in a manuscript), and is believed to have originally been used as a term for a state with the center of the city of Old Uppsala, controlled by the Swedes (population group most likely first mentioned in written by the Roman historian Tacitus in 98 AD as “svioner”).
Sweden was a military power during the 17th century, the country has not participated in any war for two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both world wars.
- 1905 the union between Sweden and Norway dissolved.
- 1914 Sweden was neutral during WWI
- 1920 Sweden joins League of Nations
- 1921 Swedish women were allowed to vote
- 1939-1945 During WWII Sweden declares its neutrality
- 1994 Sweden joins EU
Sweden’s long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system intermixed with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 and 2009 by the global economic downturns, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries.